Paleo-Indian (Early Man) Heavy Hand Axe, c. 8000 BC
Stone; 120mm/443gm (!), bi-faced.
Such tools were used for chopping and dismembering large animal carcasses such as American Bison and Elk. Once done, the tools were dis-guarded as they were too heavy to carry.
Found in Western Colorado from the Vada Sandes Collection.
This huge and heavy hand axe is a perfect example of how such tools were cut/flaked from native stone. As seen in the photo, this stone tool was perfectly knapped to be used and held in hand.
We have cleaned off 8,000 years of residue from the original tool knapping and have left the other million years of stony concretions intact. Note how this tool was perfectly knapped to be held comfortably held in hand.