Zoomorphic Swastika Horse Brooch, c. 1st-2nd Cent AD
Copper alloy; 35mm/10.1gm
Con/ dark brown patina; pin intact and wearable. Professionally restored with added pin and horse's head.
Ref/ Not listed in the Hattatt catalog
The Romans began to assimilate Celtic soldiers into their legions in the eastern provinces of Dalmatia and Pannonia beginning in the 1st-2nd century AD. Such Celtic tribes brought their own ancient symbols and artistry, not only in military items, but brooches, as well. One of their symbols was the swastika. In ancient Sanskrit, the swastika equated to "well-being".
In our very rare zoomorphic brooch, the smith chose to represent the bent cross as horse heads.